Humboldt State left tackle Alex Cappa eager to show his talent after getting Senior Bowl invite

first_imgArcata >> Throughout his four years as Humboldt State’s starting left tackle, football has taken Alex Cappa all across the country, from Southern California, up to Oregon and Washington and even all the way for a 2016 season opener in Tennessee.He’s about to add another destination to his list: Mobile, Alabama.Cappa’s road from 240-pound true freshman with plenty of upside to potential NFL Draft pick in 2018 will make a stop in the southeastern United States in the final week of January after …last_img read more

adminDecember 21, 2019ldaufmLeave a Comment

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The Evolution of the Darwin Fish

first_img(Visited 1,302 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 The Darwin Fish scientific method: Draw a fish. Draw legs on it to mock Christians who use it as a symbol. Then furiously hunt for evidence that a fish with feet existed.Darwinians believe that fish crawled out onto land—their fins becoming pentadactyl limbs—then returned back to the sea multiple times in the form of ichthyosaurs, pinnipeds and whales. The belief came prior to any evidence for fish with feet, because Darwin complained about the lack of transitional forms in his Origin of Species. He knew that most species appear abruptly in the rocks, and that his needed transitional forms were not found: “Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely graduated organic chain; and this, perhaps, is the most obvious and gravest objection which can be urged against my theory,” he said (Origin 6th ed., p. 280). He did not, therefore, even speculate about how fish evolved into land creatures, although he hoped that transitional fossils would turn up some day.Sign at Wyoming Dinosaur Center, “Our evolving understanding,” debunking earlier ideas about tetrapod evolution, before claiming Tiktaalik to be a “Fishapod” candidate. Photo by David Coppedge.Tiktaalik model exhibited as “Fishapod” at Wyoming Dinosaur Center. Photo by David Coppedge.After Darwin, various ‘transitional’ fish with bony fins were subsequently proposed and deposed (see sign, above), but Darwinians didn’t become excited until Neil Shubin’s Tiktaalik fossil (6 April 2006), though some disagreed (4 December 2008). Tiktaalik, though, was discovered long after the ‘Darwin Fish’ symbol had become a cultural icon on bumper stickers and office doors. Subsequently, though, tetrapod tracks were found a full 10 million Darwin Years earlier (6 January 2010), undermining Shubin’s claim to have found a transitional form.Darwinians are still hunting. Some of their claims seem outlandish (if you’ll pardon the pun). Who would think that rays and skates would be candidates? Sharks and rays—cartilaginous fish—don’t look ready to crawl onto the land. Science Daily, though, jumps on a new idea coming out of the New York University School of Medicine: “Walking fish suggests locomotion control evolved much earlier than thought.” [Thought by whom? See tontology.]Cartoons that illustrate evolution depict early vertebrates generating primordial limbs as they move onto land for the first time. But new findings indicate that some of these first ambulatory creatures may have stayed under water, spawning descendants that today exhibit walking behavior on the ocean floor. The results appear February 8 in the journal Cell.“It has generally been thought that the ability to walk is something that evolved as vertebrates transitioned from sea to land,” says senior author Jeremy Dasen, a developmental neurobiologist in the Department of Neuroscience and Physiology at the New York University School of Medicine. “We were surprised to learn that certain species of fish also can walk. In addition, they use a neural and genetic developmental program that is almost identical to the one used by higher vertebrates, including humans.“National Geographic leapt onto that suggestion of a human connection, headlining, “Walking Skates Can Teach Us About Human Evolution.” To see what this “walking” behavior looks like, see the video on Nature News, “Primitive fish’s sea-floor shuffle illuminates the origins of walking.” How can a living fish be called ‘primitive’ if it has been successful for hundreds of millions of Darwin Years?The embryonic skate’s two hind fins perform a back-and-forth motion that partially resembles walking. These motions appear during a developmental stage when neural circuits are forming (a process known in almost all vertebrates and invertebrates). The trouble is, the fins in the skate are not limbs. They do not have the bones and muscles of terrestrial legs. The resemblance is only superficial. Nature admits, “how skates and humans evolved the ability to walk on two limbs is still a mystery.”Three Darwin Fish on an office door at JPL, 2010. Photo by David CoppedgeThere are several other problems with the story:Skates are only distantly related to mammals, according to evolutionary phylogeny.The adaptation appeared 20 million Darwin Years before the first alleged tetrapod.The adaptation would have appeared in the sea for a non-terrestrial purpose.The skates still live today like this, not having progressed into terrestrial animals.The skate motion only involves six muscle groups per fin. Mammals “use hundreds of muscles to move.”To be consistent, every creature with a back-and-forth movement would have to be promoted to transitional form, making the concept vacuous.Additionally, Nature says, “The findings suggest that the nerve cells essential for walking evolved millions of years earlier than previously thought.” It’s hard to see how that “helps scientists develop a more complete understanding of our prehistoric common ancestor,” as National Geographic boasts. For these and other reasons,some researchers urge caution when interpreting the results. “We must be very careful about looking at any living group and thinking it represents ancestral conditions,” says Michael Coates, an evolutionary biologist at the University of Chicago in Illinois. To confirm that the common ancestor of skates and humans had a set of genes and nerve cells for walking, the team should analyse a larger sample of animals, including fish that are more closely related to mammals, he says.A Cornell evolutionist uses the occasion to demote human exceptionalism:“This study is the first deep foray into the origins of limb-control circuits,” says neuroscientist Joseph Fetcho of Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. There are some fish species that are more closely related to mammals that can walk on the sea floor. But it’s “really cool” that skates, which are relatively primitive, are able to move their limbs in the same way as people do, Fetcho says. “We’re not as special as we think we are.”The finding could help, though, in non-Darwinian ways: “Understanding the foundational genetics of motor movements also has medical implications down the line.” If so, it has nothing to do with Darwinian evolution. It just means we would understand the connection between observed genetics and observed movements in different organisms. Intelligent design advocates could take the same observations and advance understanding by predicting that the systems are not accidental, but exist for a purpose. Knowing how purpose has been instantiated in animals could lead to advances in biomimetics as well as in medicine.Quick! Evolve or Perish!Ephemeral waterpockets after rain, Canyonlands. Photo by David Coppedge.An even less empirical story was posted by Nature News: “Ocean tides could have driven ancient fish to walk” (emphasis on could, a key perhapsimaybecouldness index indicator). According to this tale, fish had no other option than to walk away. “Evolution of land-walking animals may have started with fish that were stranded in tidal pools.”If this were a law of nature, we should see it happening now. Thousands of vernal pools and potholes exist throughout the world, where tiny creatures (such as frogs, fairy shrimp and insects) live out their brief lives after rains, then lay eggs before the pool dries up for the summer. A billion natural experiments should support the idea that stranded animals can evolve legs and even wings to escape their natural traps.“The idea that the first land-walking animals could have evolved from those stranded in tide pools is generally well accepted and dates back decades,” Nature claims, employing a  bandwagon argument. Alexandra Witze, strangely, tries to keep both Tiktaalik and the Polish trackways happy companions in the Darwin (or rather Lamarckian) scenario:The team speculates that fish that could have made their way out of the tide pool, and back to the water, would have been more likely to survive. Fossils of some of the earliest known terrestrial tetrapods, such as the Tiktaalik lobe-finned fish from Canada’s Ellesmere Island and trackways in Poland’s Holy Cross mountains, have been found in places that had these high tidal variations.The last two paragraphs, however, undermine the claim:Some researchers are sceptical about the idea, however. “It’s only one of a plethora of ideas for the origin of land-dwelling tetrapods, any or all of which may have been a part of the answer,” says Jennifer Clack, a palaeontologist at the University of Cambridge, UK.Matthew Huber, a palaeoclimate modeller at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, would like to see more evidence that the correlation between the timing of large tidal ranges and the evolution of animals that walked on land isn’t a coincidence.Huber’s final sentences demonstrate how evolutionists are reluctant to call other evolututionists’  ideas crazy. “But the work is intriguing, he says: “The connection seems worth pursuing.”Yes! Keep pursuing just-so stories until you hoodwink the public more effectively! Good grief. If this were a law of nature, ocean tides “could” drive humans to evolve surfboards for feet, and dust devils could drive lizards to evolve powered flight. Why aren’t more people laughing?last_img read more

adminDecember 19, 2019ktidqeLeave a Comment

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easyJet makes it easier

first_imgEuropean low-cost airline, easyJet, hopes to improve passenger travel experience with its rollout of iBeacon, a Bluetooth low-energy (BLE) wireless technology designed to provide location-based information and services to iPhones and other iOS 7 devices.The technology is being trialed at London Luton, London Gatwick, and Paris Charles De Gaulle Airports, and uses the passenger’s Bluetooth signal to identify their proximity to the beacon – allowing the delivery of timely and helpful notifications to passenger’s mobiles at designated stages of the airport journey.As Peter Duffy, Commercial Director for easyJet, puts it, “This is another example of how easyJet is innovating to make travel easier for passengers across Europe. By becoming the first airline to trial iBeacons across Europe we can help speed up the airport journey and provide assistance to our passengers making it even easier to fly easyJet.”easyJet is just the third airline to deploy the potentially revolutionary technology, following the lead of Virgin Atlantic and American Airlines. While easyJet’s introduction of the iBeacon is simply a trial, the airline is optimistic that the system will ultimately become standard equipment.last_img read more

adminDecember 18, 2019ktidqeLeave a Comment

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Investigators pour cold water on MH370 fire theory

first_imgRead MH370 and now for the facts. Air safety investigators have scotched a theory that discoloured debris found in Madagascar was subject to intense fire and say they so far have not been able to link it to missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370.Two items of fibreglass-honeycomb composite wreckage recovered in February near Sainte Luce, on the south-east coast of Madagascar, were brought to Australia this month by debris hunter Blaine Gibson amid speculation they had been burnt by fire on board the aircraft.But an analysis by the Australian Transport Safety Bureau found that the areas of dark discolouration which prompted the speculation were related to resin that had been applied to the items and was not the result of exposure to heat or fire.Investigators were also unable to find any identifiers such as parts or serial numbers on ether item that would allow them to be identified and are still attempting to determine their origin. A burnt smell from the larger piece debris was traced to three small marks identified as damage resulting from localised heating..“The origin and age of these marks was not apparent,’’ the report said.  “However, it was considered that burning odours would generally dissipate after an extended period of environmental exposure, including salt water immersion, as expected for items originating from 9M-MRO (the tail number of the MH370 aircraft).’’Australian Transport Minister Darren Chester the debris had been examined with the agreement of the Malaysian government. “At this stage it is not possible to determine whether the debris is from MH370 or indeed even a Boeing 777,’’ Mr Chester said.“What is known is that contrary to speculation there is no evidence the item was exposed to heat or fire.’“Further work will be undertaken in an attempt to determine the origin of the items, specifically whether they originated from a Boeing 777 aircraft.’’The search for MH370 is due to wind down at the end of this year if no compelling evidence is found to warrant it being continued.ATSB investigators have also been studying a flap from MH370 and have commissioned drift and marine ecology studies in their continuing attempts to solve the mystery.last_img read more

adminDecember 18, 2019dsvvnrLeave a Comment

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Green Home Programs

first_imgAmong other endeavors, I have been certifying LEED homes as a provider representative for about two years now. In order to continue doing this work after next year, USGBC and GBCI have decided that I must become certified as a green rater. After looking at my various options for obtaining this designation, I elected to take a two-day training class in advance of the required test. Not uncharacteristically, I bristled at the thought that I would have to spend my time and money learning something I was already doing. To my surprise, the class, taught by Laura Capps and Kevin Stack, was both informative and engaging. I picked up on a lot of small details about the program and believe that I gained additional knowledge that will help me do a better job certifying homes under the program.OK, enough praiseAs these thoughts drifted in and out during the class, a question occurred to me: if you are insane, can you be aware of it? I think that some green building programs in general don’t always have a firm grasp on reality and are veering off into their own versions of insanity. Two days of training on the intricacies of LEED for Homes, while answering many questions, also raised more. The program continues to get more complicated rather than less, which I believe is the wrong direction. We need to make green building simple while not watering it down, something that many people believe is possible.Roadkill reduxThe industry and the general public are wrestling with about 100 different programs representing cities, counties, regions, and the entire country. As I discussed in an earlier post, various programs are fighting each other for market share, causing confusion for everyone including the general public, the building industry, and green building experts. I am concerned that the combination of too many competing programs and their increasing complexity may lead to a backlash from consumers before the market settles on one, or a few “winners.” On top of this, the 2009 IECC and Energy Star 2011 are coming down the pike, creating conflicts with various programs that need to change just to keep up.Is anyone listening?While I have my issues with all green certification programs, including LEED, I appreciate that as a group they are continually raising the bar on home construction and renovation, in addition to providing me with ongoing work and income. But have they lost their way and become stuck in their own realities, or unrealities, as the case may be? I don’t believe that these programs need to be as complicated as they are. I think sometimes that program developers are sadists who sit in underground rooms conspiring new and different ways to torment the people trying to certify buildings. All I can say is, I hope those people are reading this and taking my plea to heart.last_img read more

adminDecember 16, 2019pxushkLeave a Comment

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The Importance of “Putting Your Mask on First.”

first_imgAs a caregiver do you ever feel overwhelmed, stressed, or exhausted?Often, caregivers spend so much of their day taking care of others that they eventually stop taking care of themselves properly.It is stressed to family caregivers to take care of themselves, because they won’t be able to take care of others if they are not taking care of themselves. Although this makes sense logically, many caregivers still struggle with self-care. The guilt of putting yourself first, even for an hour a day, can discourage caregivers from continuing the practice of self-care.When speaking to military service providers at Fort Bliss in Texas, self-care seemed to be a common theme or issue when speaking of caregivers. Watch the video below as Monica Lawson, Licensed Clinical Social Worker from the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic in William Beaumont Army Medical Center, shares her thoughts on self-care.What do you do for self-care?What suggestions do you have for family caregivers who struggle with self-care?This MFLN-Military Caregiving concentration blog post was published on November 25, 2016.last_img read more

adminDecember 12, 2019aifotjLeave a Comment

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TOUCH FOOTBALL AUSTRALIA ELECTS CHAIRMAN

first_imgTouch Football Australia’s (TFA) Board of Management met in Sydney over the weekend and announced Peter Rooney as Chairman to oversee the position after the resignation of Michael Sparks, effective Saturday 28 April 2007.Michael Sparks had announced his intention to resign his position late last month after serving the sport in the capacity of Chairman of the TFA Board of Management since November 2002.Peter Rooney was elected as Chairman of the National body after an internal ballot process and will continue in this role through to the TFA Annual General Meeting in the latter part of 2007.Peter has a long and illustrious association with the sport in Australia. Peter commenced his involvement with the game in 1974 and became the first New South Wales and Australian Touch Association Director of Referees.Peter has also previously held the position of President of the New South Wales Touch Association and the Australian Touch Association and in 1984 was elected Executive Director of the Australian Touch Association.A life member of both the Cronulla and New South Wales Touch Associations, Peter was also the founding Secretary General of the Federation of International Touch.After a self imposed exile from the game to concentrate on his business career, Peter has returned to the sport in recent years and is looking forward to the challenges that lie ahead for TFA & is committed to ensuring the Association progresses positively and purposefully down the pathway of the revised Strategic Plan.“I’m looking forward to hopefully offering genuine stability and a steadying influence as we continue to move forward productively and positively as a sport in the future.” Mr. Rooney said.last_img read more

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9 months agoReal Madrid coach Solari: Isco future not up to me

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Real Madrid coach Solari: Isco future not up to meby Carlos Volcano9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveReal Madrid coach Santiago Solari says Isco’s future isn’t up to him.The player has found himself out of favour of late, and didn’t make the pitch at all against Real Betis on Sunday, and as a result talk of a move to Italy have surfaced.”We have a wonderful squad and I have to choose who gets involved in each game,” Solari said in his pre-match press conference.”It is not up to me to explain the transfer policy, I am just the coach.” last_img read more

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BC doctors cant limit opioids or discriminate against pain patients college

first_imgVANCOUVER – British Columbia doctors treating patients with chronic pain will be required to prescribe opioids without limiting dosage or refusing to see patients who are on the medication that has come to be associated with illicit overdose deaths.In revising an existing standard of practice, the College of Physicians and Surgeons of B.C. provided more clarity to doctors about their obligation to treat patients through proper assessments and documented discussions about dosage, tapering and stopping the drugs if necessary, college registrar Heidi Oetter said.The new requirements, yet to be introduced to physicians, update a June 2016 standard that replaced national guidelines offering only recommendations and meant B.C. physicians became the first in Canada to face mandatory regulations involving prescription opioids.The original standard was set after B.C. declared a public health emergency in April 2016 over of a spike in overdose deaths, mostly involving the powerful painkiller fentanyl being cut into street drugs. The province still has the highest number of overdose fatalities in Canada, with 1,448 deaths recorded last year.Oetter said the standard was revised after widespread consultation of doctors in the province and patient advocacy groups that had complained people were being denied care or abandoned because they were on opioids.“Physicians cannot exclude or dismiss patients from their practice because they have used or are currently using opioids. It’s really a violation of the human rights code and it’s certainly discrimination and that’s not acceptable or ethical practice.”The college previously referenced a national guideline calling on doctors to cap dosages of drugs such as hydromorphone, oxycodone and the fentanyl patch to the equivalent of 90 milligrams of morphine per day, but physicians must now work with patients to decide appropriate dosages.“Hopefully it’s clear to physicians that the college is really expecting that they exercise good professional discretion, that they are really engaging patients in informed consent discussions and that patients are really aware of the potential risks that are associated with opioids, particularly if they’re taking them in conjunction with alcohol or sedatives,” Oetter said.Andrew Koster, who suffers from debilitating lower back pain from a type of arthritis called ankylosing spondylitis, said the 2016 provincial declaration created an “opioid chill” that had some doctors trying to get people off opioids or taper them too quickly.Koster, 65, said his doctor rebuffed his efforts to discuss transitioning to different opioids because the ones he’d been taking for eight years were no longer effective.“He basically walked out on me while I was in the middle of explaining that I was having trouble managing my pain with the set of prescriptions that I had,” Koster said, adding he’d had the same doctor for 15 years but was forced to switch to another physician after the college introduced its original opioid-prescribing standard.“The whole tone of the public health crisis, combined with these new regulations, made us very afraid that we were going to be forced off opioids because there was a provincial, and now national, health scare.”He said patients felt stigmatized for taking medication they needed.“I’ve had awful experiences that I’ll never forget,” he said of his efforts to get help from doctors who believed he was seeking drugs. “I’ve been kicked out of emergency rooms and told not to come back, with my back seized up.”Koster said his new doctor helped him taper off opioids and reduce the dosage by half over eight months.“The question in the minds of the general public is that opioids are bad, we’ve got to stop the opioid crisis. Now, the pendulum has swung the other way, I believe, so there’s a separation between what’s going on the street, as tragic as it is, and what’s going on with patients. There is sort of a fire wall developing.”However, the standard still advises doctors to suggest alternative treatments such as physiotherapy, which aren’t covered by the public health-care system and can be unaffordable for people who do not have private plans.Maria Hudspith, executive director of the patient advocacy group Pain BC, said the old standard was driven by doctors’ concerns about overprescribing even though coroners’ data have shown that tainted street drugs were behind most of the deaths.“The bigger concern that we heard from physicians was that they were fearful of sanctioning by the college or disciplinary action of some kind,” she said, adding the college must ensure it enforces its new standard.“This is a legal standard and we’re waiting to see them superficially take action in cases where patients have been harmed.”— Follow @CamilleBains1 on Twitter.last_img read more

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The NBA Player Whos So Good At Taking Charges We Created a

Anthony TolliverSacramento544277.7% At first glance, Sacramento Kings forward Anthony Tolliver is an NBA player with little that sets him apart. In an earlier era, his range might have been a defining characteristic given his height, but now that seemingly every big man has a jumper, he doesn’t even have that. The most remarkable part of the 31-year-old’s resume is how long it is. Tolliver has played for nine teams — almost a third of the NBA — during his nine-year stint in the association.1Tolliver became the ninth player in league history to play for at least that many NBA teams during his first nine seasons, according to Basketball-Reference.com. The other eight? Ish Smith, Lou Amundson, Mike James, Drew Gooden, Kevin Ollie, Damon Jones, Tony Brown and Tony Massenburg. Video Playerhttps://fivethirtyeight.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/tollivercharge2.mp400:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.Video Playerhttps://fivethirtyeight.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/tollivercharge4.mp400:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.A number of other players around the league have struggled in this area just as much as Tolliver has succeeded in it. Toronto Raptors center Jonas Valanciunas has drawn just one charge but has been called for 16 blocking fouls, a Charge Rate of 6 percent. Milwaukee Bucks All-Star Giannis Antetokounmpo has been almost just as bad, inducing one charge in 13 tries, for an 8 percent Charge Rate. Minnesota’s Cole Aldrich, Philadelphia’s Dario Saric, Toronto’s Lucas Nogueira and Brooklyn’s Joe Harris have combined to go 0-for-36 in drawing charges this season, highlighting just how tough it can be for some players to persuade officials to side with them in bang-bang scenarios.Tolliver knows he’s good at this very particular task. “I just try to be smart about it, and pick my spots. Someone like Ersan is really aggressive about it, and he’ll jump in front of somebody every single time,” Tolliver said of Ersan Ilyasova, a former Pistons teammate, who leads the NBA in charges but sports a considerably lower Charge Rate than Tolliver, at 61 percent the past three years. “Nine times out of 10, guys know [Ilyasova’s] gonna try to take the charge, so they adjust to that and go after his shoulder to make him look like he’s not squared4Tolliver was also complimentary of his ex-teammate’s ability to draw charges, saying Ilyasova “is incredible at anticipating.” [properly]. But keeping the offensive player on his toes can make you more effective.”The other thing that helps? Tolliver says he doesn’t flail or flop. He argued that it’s not necessary to, because of the way he takes contact.Video Playerhttps://fivethirtyeight.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/tollivercharge9.mp400:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.“I don’t just fall because I get bumped or whatever. I try to absorb the bumps. When I get hit, it’s usually the type where you say, ‘Man, you must’ve really gotten run over,’” Tolliver explained. “When you look at someone like Marcus Smart, he tries to sell [charges] sometimes by flailing, but it’s not just him. DeMarcus5Tolliver said he and Cousins — his former teammate in Sacramento — came into the season talking smack about which player would draw more charges this season. Cousins holds a pretty sizable advantage, even though Tolliver has won a greater percentage of calls in collision scenarios. flails, too, and as a result, he doesn’t get some calls that he should get, because refs are trying to make a decision: ‘Did he get hit, or is he just trying to pull a fast one on me?’”Much of how Tolliver is programmed to think on defense stems from his time at Creighton, where then-Bluejays coach Dana Altman6Now the coach at Oregon often preached the importance of drawing charges. Under Altman’s direction, Creighton ran frequent practice drills teaching players how to properly take charges. And because of the coach’s emphasis on drawing charges in practice, the program seemingly began paying more attention to the skill in games. Rob Anderson, the team’s longtime sports information director, said he began manually tracking the metric — which isn’t kept by the NCAA — along with a stat spotter in 2002.Tolliver said drawing charges wasn’t a focus for him when he first got to Creighton, and numbers seem to bear that out, as he didn’t take any charges during his freshman season. But from his second year on, it became routine to see him morph into a human bowling pin, as he drew nine and 17 charges as a sophomore and junior, respectively, before drawing 23 charges — the same total as the rest of his team combined — in his senior year.7All the numbers come from Anderson’s tracking.“I took those drills to heart, and [drawing charges] became a major part of the way I play,” said Tolliver, who began his career at Creighton shortly after Cavaliers sharpshooter Kyle Korver finished there. (Korver also played for Altman, and is very good at drawing charges. He’s gotten the call on 11 of his 17 collisions this year — four more than the league average would suggest he should have — and drew the call on all nine of his collisions during the 2013 season.)Of course none of this means that being skilled at taking charges is the same thing as being a good defender. Tolliver himself, merely a decent stopper, would be the first person to tell you that. And the fact that Sacramento — tied for the NBA’s fourth-worst defense — manages to get 4 points worse per 100 plays on D when Tolliver is playing illustrates that no amount of charge-taking would make the Kings good on that end of the floor.Still, there is an art to how he goes about taking charges — both to prompt refs to side with him, and to avoid getting seriously hurt during the collisions. The key, according to Tolliver, is to set your feet, then begin falling as soon as the driving player makes contact with you, and not a millisecond before.“If you launch yourself backwards as soon as the contact hits you, the ref can see you getting hit without you having to take the full brunt of it,” he said. “Guys mess up because they start falling before they get hit.”But any way you slice it, taking a charge is going to be uncomfortable, he said. The main objective, aside from winning the call, is to avoid a potentially serious injury.“You can get really hurt if you don’t know how to take one. Even if you do know how, it’s gonna hurt. It just doesn’t feel good,” he said, adding that teammates asked him if he was OK after taking a knee to the chest from Oklahoma City’s Steven Adams. “I told them, ‘Yeah: I know how to fall,’” he said.Video Playerhttps://fivethirtyeight.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/tollivercharge6.mp400:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.Video Playerhttps://fivethirtyeight.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/tollivercharge7.mp400:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.Whereas other players might not be good at taking charges, or simply may not want to, Tolliver feels as if he has no choice but to play to his strengths in hopes of finding a more permanent NBA home. So that means relying on his ability to draw fouls in a physically taxing way.“Fans don’t care about that sort of stuff; you’re not gonna get any glory out of that,” he said of charges. “At least by making a pass, you might get an assist. You can get something out of that. With a charge, I get a bruise or two out of it.”But maybe now, with more statistical information at our disposal, Tolliver’s nearly flawless ability to draw charges will get the credit it deserves.Neil Paine assisted with research for this piece.Check out our latest NBA predictions.VIDEO: How the Villanova and Duke losses shook the bracket Draymond GreenGolden State433069.7 Dennis SchröderAtlanta493367.3 Gorgui DiengMinnesota703651.4 This season, Tolliver has been almost automatic, drawing 10 charge calls in 12 collisions for an eye-popping 83 percent success rate2The charge, block and collision statistics for this story were last updated March 14.. He’s won five more calls than you’d expect the average player to earn in those same 12 situations.3His ratios have been impressive in past years, too: In 2014-15, for instance, he drew 19 charges against just four blocking calls. Marcus SmartBoston764153.9 Kemba WalkerCharlotte715070.4 Leaguewide charge rate is 40 percent. Excludes players with fewer than 30 charges drawn the past three years. As of games played on March 14.Sources: NBA Miner, Basketball-Reference.com, BigDataBall Players who had the greatest share of collisions called as charges since the 2014-15 season Ersan IlyasovaAtlanta1499161.0 Marreese SpeightsLos Angeles1016261.3 Monta EllisIndiana834959.0 Devin HarrisDallas814758.0 The Kings’ Anthony Tolliver is the master of the charge. Thearon W. Henderson / Getty Images Aron BaynesDetroit783139.7 But there is something else that could distinguish Tolliver: a stat that could unveil the undrafted journeyman’s best skill. The only problem is that it hasn’t been invented yet.The fuel of this stat: collisions, particularly when a ballhandler is barreling his way toward the basket despite a defender standing in his way. If those collisions make their way into the stat sheet, they usually go one of two ways: a charge call on the offender or a blocking foul on the defender. Players such as DeMarcus Cousins, Ersan Ilyasova and Marreese Speights have dominated the leaderboard of charges drawn in years past — and this year — according to NBA Miner, an advanced stat site that has tracked charge numbers for several seasons.But shouldn’t we be interested in more than just how many charges a player draws? The raw number doesn’t tell the whole story because it’s not speaking to a player’s success rate. If a defender draws a ton of charges, but gets whistled for nearly as many blocking calls, then the fouls essentially negate the turnovers he creates.With that in mind, I decided to take a more holistic look at things by creating “Charge Rate,” a simple stat that measures how efficiently a player draws charges. All it entails is dividing a player’s total of charges drawn by the total number of whistled collisions he’s been involved in; a number we can generate by incorporating the blocking fouls he’s been called for. At the top of the list was Tolliver, who has been the NBA’s best player at drawing charges while not getting whistled for blocking.Over the past three seasons, Tolliver’s garnered 42 charges in 54 total collisions, a Charge Rate of 78 percent; easily the best mark among players who’ve taken at least 30 charges since the start of the 2014-15 season. For context, consider that the average NBA player this season has a Charge Rate of just 40 percent, according to the collision counts on BigDataBall, which logs play-by-play data. DeMarcus CousinsNew Orleans1198268.9 Donatas MotiejunasNew Orleans794050.6 PLAYERTEAMNUM. OF COLLISIONSNUM. OF CHARGESCHARGE RATE Ryan AndersonHouston623150.0 Greg MonroeMilwaukee613862.2 Kyle LowryToronto714461.9 Luis ScolaBrooklyn693753.6 Thaddeus YoungIndiana663451.5 read more

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