7 Common (and Avoidable) Continuity Errors

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first_imgContinuity errors can pull an audience out of the world you’ve spent so much time and effort creating. Here are a few common continuity goofs and gaffes that you can easily avoid.Top image: The Empire Strikes Back via 20th Century FoxA few months back on a frosty Welsh morning, I stood in the middle of a meadow watching a film crew capture footage of dairy cows at first light. Somehow I ended up as script supervisor on a local-council-funded short film about the economic plight of dairy farmers in a tumultuous milk market.I wasn’t too sure how I ended up in this position (as I usually work with lights), but it was a quick and simple job — and, most importantly, I learned a lot about continuity thanks to an actual script supervisor who was now directing. If you’re not too sure on what a script supervisor does, there’s a very simple overview of the job in this PremiumBeat article. One of the most important aspects, which is what will be covered here today, is continuity. Before we continue, here’s a fun video from WatchMojo that covers a few Hollywood continuity gaffes.I think it’s a safe assumption to say that a lot of the online filmmaking community is made up of those interested in the visual/camera-operating side of the game. There are hundreds of websites and YouTube channels dedicated to that craft. As such, there are some things which will likely go amiss when you are solely focused on the visual aesthetics of a film.Everyone will likely know of the usual suspects of continuity: Cigarette length, which way the hair is brushed, the amount of wine in a glass, what hand the character used to make a gesture — the list goes on. Other than the preliminary duties of a script supervisor, it was interesting to note how many external factors play into continuity, many of which will go completely over your head when you’re trying to focus on getting your talent into focus. It’s common for everyone to assume the role of continuity manager on a low-budget short, so here are a few factors to look out for next time you’re working on that passion project.1. RainThe least expensive type of short film is one that will be set in a singular location. In a house, a barn, a forest. They’re nice and easy, and they can usually be shot within a single day (given the length). If it’s a horror film you’re creating, I’m sure one of the first elements written into the script is for there to be a storm. The short film embedded above (by Alexis Wajsbrot) is an excellent example of a horror short set in a single location. It includes a man in a giant bunny suit, and of course there’s the storm.You could have a rain machine for exterior shots and the inclusion of rain and thunder SFX to help sell the effect for interior shots. However, one thing that can often go amiss (and it does at 8:03 in the short film example above), is the addition of rain on windows and doors. When time is ticking, it’s a very simple element to miss. If windows are in the composition, remember to sprinkle them with water if there’s rain involved.2. Time AwarenessImage: Back to the Future via AmblinIt’s not always practical to shoot a night scene during the actual hours of night. Therefore, to simulate the appearance of the night, it’s common to block out the windows and light the set as if it’s night — practical lamps, tungsten lighting. In this circumstance, a common continuity error involves clocks on the wall or an LED displaying a daytime hour.In general, anything that displays the time can often cause a headache in post-production. Unless you’re shooting on a multiple camera setup and everything goes smoothly in one take, that second hand is going to move quickly throughout the scene. It’s important to notify the art department to correct this after each take. That is, if you’re lucky enough to have an art department. If it’s a low-budget short, it may very well be your job to do this.3. PhonesThere was once a time in history where everyone would have a different brand of phone (or at least a different model of phone) compared to someone else. In 2016, that is no longer the case. Nearly everyone has one of three types of phones — iPhone, Android, and Windows — and the majority of people are fluent with all types.With that said, if a character needs to make a phone call (or receives a call), gone are the days when you can fake that. Everyone knows what the iPhone calling screen looks like. It’s important to make sure that someone on set is calling the characters prop phone. It’s also pretty important to hold the phone correctly, as seen in the clip above, via GoRxRaP. (Note: The video features adult language.)4. PlantsIt’s relatively easy to mimic the location of another place using props, specific set design, color, and SFX. I actually have a video tutorial on how to achieve this. The director of the dairy farm short told me the following tip. She said that it’s something the art department should cover, and something often overlooked on low-budget films — and that is the origin of the plants in the scene. If you’re shooting a film in Texas, but you’re making it out to be Australia, you might want to correlate what plants should be in the scene.5. BooksImage: Adaptation via ColumbiaIn a scene where an actor reads something from a book or points to something in a book, it’s likely that they turned to a random page, and then the crew picked up the correct insert before the scene change.If the actor has put the open book down onto a table, it’s important to keep note of how far into the book they are. It’s very noticeable to see that a book has not been turned to the same page area as the other shot. This was the one thing I missed while working as a script supervisor. Luckily the scene was shot in 4k, and the guys in post were able to crop the book out altogether with little damage to the scene. However, not everyone can be so lucky.6. Where Has That Character Come From?Films are rarely shot in sequential order of the script. Due to location logistics and actor schedules, you’re more than likely going to be shooting out of order. It’s important to pay attention to where the character was in the previous scene. Was the character caught in a rain storm? If so, they should be wet when they enter the house. Was the character running through a forest? If they were, it would be likely their boots would be covered with mud. This information needs to be shared with the wardrobe department. Again, however, if this is a low-budget production, you’ll likely need to bring this information to the table before the shoot starts.7. Environmental Awareness Image: The Walking Dead via AMCThis next tip should fall onto the production as a whole and not really the script supervisor, but as I’m currently shooting a film set in an apocalyptic future, it’s something I’ve been consciously aware of while looking for locations and makes for a great tip. Plus, if you watch The Walking Dead, you’ve more than likely seen the internet jokes about having cut grass in a zombie apocalypse.Everyone loves an apocalyptic story, whether it be zombies, manmade catastrophe, or nature. A common motif of apocalyptic films is that nature reclaims its territory. Therefore, if your film is set five years in the future where life as we know it has ceased to exist, it would be wise to look for a location that has not got neat trimmed grass.Bonus continuity tip: If your scene takes place in winter, but is being filmed in the summer, note this information for the editor. With the power and virtue of Adobe After Effects, they can insert digital condensation of exhaled breath. Do you have any continuity tips that fall outside of the obvious? Let us know what has previously caught you out.last_img

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Humanities Lecturer Pool – Liberal Studies Teacher Preparation

first_imgInterest in and record of scholarly activity desirable. CVCover LetterStatement of Teaching Philosophy (optional)Statement of Expertise, including professional experience, andlist of courses you are qualified to teachList of References MA OR ABD OR Ph.D. OR Ed.D. in social and cultural foundationsof education or related education fields.Strong college level teaching skills and experience required,and experience related to K-8 classrooms preferred.Awareness of and sensitivity to educational goals of serving amulticultural and diverse student population, which may have beengained through lived and embodied experience, cross-cultural study,training, teaching, and/or other comparable experience.Applicants should demonstrate an awareness of and sensitivityto the educational goals of a multicultural population as mighthave been gained in cross-cultural study, training, teaching andother comparable experience. Conditional AppointmentPlease be advised that an appointment is contingent upon budget andenrollment considerations and subject to order of assignmentprovisions in the collective bargaining agreement betweenCalifornia State University and California Faculty Association.These provisions state the “Order of Work,” or the order in whichavailable courses must be assigned to faculty, starting with tenureline faculty and ending with new lecturer appointees.Salary Range – To commensurate with experience.Application ProcedureClick Apply Now to complete the SJSU Online Employment Applicationand attach the following documents: Preferred Qualifications The position advertised will remain open until filled.Interviews will follow. Qualified applicants not hired at this timewill remain in this pool for future consideration.The UniversitySan José StateUniversity enrolls over 35,700 students, a significantpercentage of whom are members of minority groups. The universityis currently ranked third nationally in increasing student upwardmobility. The University is committed to increasing the diversityof its faculty so our disciplines, students, and the community canbenefit from multiple ethnic and gender perspectives.San José State University is California’s oldest institution ofpublic higher learning. Located in downtown San José (Pop.1,000,000) in the heart of Silicon Valley, SJSU is part of one ofthe most innovative regions in the world. As Silicon Valley’spublic university, SJSU combines dynamic teaching, research, anduniversity-industry experiences to prepare students to address thebiggest problems facing society. SJSU is a member of the 23-campusCalifornia State University (CSU) system.Equal Employment StatementSan José State University is an Affirmative Action/EqualOpportunity Employer. We consider qualified applicants foremployment without regard to race, color, religion, nationalorigin, age, gender, gender identity/expression, sexualorientation, genetic information, medical condition, maritalstatus, veteran status, or disability. This policy applies to allSan José State University students, faculty, and staff as well asUniversity programs and activities. Reasonable accommodations aremade for applicants with disabilities who self-disclose. Note thatall San José State University employees are considered mandatedreporters under the California Child Abuse and Neglect ReportingAct and are required to comply with the requirements set forth inCSU Executive Order 1083 as a condition of employment.Additional InformationA background check (including a criminal records check) must becompleted satisfactorily before any candidate can be offered aposition with the CSU. Failure to satisfactorily complete thebackground check may affect the application status of applicants orcontinued employment of current CSU employees who apply for theposition.Advertised: December 02, 2020 (9:00 AM) Pacific StandardTimeApplications close: Department SummaryThe Humanities Department at SJSU is a prominent center forcreative, interdisciplinary study and research. It offers threeundergraduate degree programs: the Liberal Studies TeacherPreparation B.A.; the Creative Arts B.A.; and the Humanities B.A.,in which students pursue a concentration in American Studies,Liberal Arts, or Comparative Religious Studies. 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Investigation: Prelims Favour Private School Students

first_imgDespite the stark attainment gap at prelims, by finals ex-state school students got a higher proportion of firsts in 8 of the 15 subjects. While these were predominately STEM subjects, the eight also included geography and modern languages. Having acknowledged the attainment gap at the end of the first year of studies, it would seem odd that the University is happy to maintain a system which rewards that gap via the scholar’s gown and monetary prizes. The University has a long way to go in addressing this issue, which has shown no sign of improving in the past five years. Along with monetary prizes, a distinction in prelims enables you to wear a coveted Scholar’s Gown. The psychological implications of such a tradition has been called into question many times before, but the student body voted to retain it in an OUSU vote in 2017. However, in light of the above analysis, it seems strange that a student body who voted to retain subfusc in 2015 because of it being a mark of equality, would be happy to also keep Scholar’s Gowns which are demonstrated here to be a mark of inequality. A spokesperson from the Student Union said: “If students want to bring the issue to the student council this year, we’d be more than happy to have another vote on the issue.” The history faculty did not comment on whether they are doing anything to address the fact that the proportion of state school students receiving distinctions at prelims has been consistently lower than the proportion of independent school students for every year of the past five years. The 93% Club, a recentlyestablished society which aims to make state-educated students feel more at homewithin Oxford, takes a different approach to scholars’ gowns, saying: “We are not looking to tear down our traditions,but instead build up from them. A future in which state educated studentsflaunt the Scholar’s gown in higher proportions is entirely possible, as longas we continue to make the effort to include them and help reveal the talentthey have, in full.” This investigation calls into question the awarding of monetary prizes for performance in prelims. Whilst prizes are meant to solely reward students based on academic ability, it is clear that they are more likely to be awarded to those who come from more affluent backgrounds. These prizes are far from insignificant, with some colleges awarding over £300 per year. There are also colleges which give further financial benefits to their Scholars, such as St. Hugh’s, whose Scholars, alongside a £200 scholarship per year, also get several nights free vacation residence annually. Keble gives its Scholars “two free meals a week in Hall during term” alongside £200 off their battels per year. Whilst it is good news that the distributionof firsts between ex-state and ex-independent school students is equivalent atfinals, the importance of prelims both psychologically and materially meansthat the disadvantage state school students face cannot be ignored. Prelim examination results do not just haveshort term impacts but can influence the course of a student’s post-universitycareer, with many applying to jobs and graduate schemes before they havereceived their final degree result. Therefore, for many subjects the onlyofficial University examination which will be seen by the prospective employerwhen they apply will be their preliminary examination result. This makes it allthe more important for the University to make a conscious effort to combat theinequality. “Thereis still some evidence of disparities by the end of their first year of study.However, attainment gaps reduce as students get closer to graduation, whichindicates that the University’s approach to levelling out prior educationaldisparities is working over time.  Wecontinue to focus on this area to ensure that all students can thrivethroughout their time at Oxford.” The only exception is physics, in which anaverage of 16.8% of ex-independent school students received distinction gradesper year compared to 23.1% of ex-state school students. Sofia Henderson says: “Oxford must work harderto ensure that these students are not left behind, and that they are given theencouragement, resources and flexibility that they need to settle into theacademic environment at Oxford and achieve the grades they deserve.” The93% Club suggests that a greater attempt by some tutors to acknowledge “the ‘cultural capital’ that a classical educationprovides” would be a “step in the right direction”. “Programs such as the recently launched Opportunity Oxford are specifically designed to ease theburden of transition to Oxford for students from the most disadvantaged backgrounds, from the very start oftheir time at university.” TuckerDrew, the Access and Academic Affairs representative for the Oxford StudentUnion said: “We’re supporting the Centre for Teaching and Learning intheir development of new study skill platforms for incoming students. I alsoplan to lobby this year for the implementation of a clearer set of academicexpectations for new students. Students should not have to rely on their olderpeers to tell them what’s expected in Oxford work or how to write a tutorialessay, that information should come from the tutors and departmentsthemselves.” Sofia Henderson, the co-chair of Class Act, aStudent Union campaign which supports and represents students fromunderrepresented socio-economic backgrounds at Oxford, says: “The fact that students from state school backgrounds findit difficult to attain the same marks as their more privileged peers at the endof first year means that all the awarding of monetary prizes, room ballotprivileges and scholar’s gowns does is entrench class divisions in Oxfordfurther”. An investigation into the attainment of ex-state school students, which includes both state comprehensive and state grammar, and ex-independent school students at Oxford has shown that between the academic years 2014-15 and 2018-19, independent school students got a higher proportion of distinction grades in 14 of the 15 largest subjects at preliminary examinations.[1] Aspokesperson from the University of Oxford said: “The University is committedto ensuring all students can succeed at Oxford regardless of their backgrounds,and we have set out ambitious plans for reducing attainment gaps betweendifferent groups of students in our Access and Participation Plan.” In contrast, history and chemistry are the subjects with the biggest divide between state and independent school attainment, with an average of 37.4% of independent school students receiving a distinction in history prelims compared to 26.4% of state school students across the past 5 years, whilst the figures for chemistry are 38.8% and 28.6% respectively. [1] For Classics this is based on an average of 4years, between 2014-15 and 2017-18, since I did not have access to the resultsfor the 2019 preliminary examinations. Theyalso express concern about the potential for coronavirus to worsen the dividebetween state and independently educated students for future cohorts ofstudents arriving in Oxford. They say: “We would expect that those who havemissed teaching are given sufficient pre-reading, resources, and study skillsadvice upon entering the University. Otherwise, we fear that the gap betweenthe best and worst educated diverges further.” “Examination Schools” by netNicholls is licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0last_img

CHANNEL 44 NEWS: Opening Day At Ellis Park

first_imgFacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailShare Opening Day at Ellis ParkEllis Park live thoroughbred season kicks off this weekend. The season stretches from July 1ST to September 4TH. Ellis Park staff say this is the first day in a long stretch of races. Racing Secretary Dan Bork says, “Where for our first…last_img

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