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As they grow, the more productive the tree and the more carbon it stores. Examining tree-ring data from Europe North America and parts of Asia between 1940 and 2008 (a time with reliable weather data) researchers discovered that in trees with at least 25 years’ worth of rings these layers were thinner than usual not just in years of droughts but on average for 3 or 4 years afterward Scientists had known droughts could damage tree tissues leaving a drought legacy but they didn’t know how long the legacy lasts As they report online today in Science trees growing in drier climates such as the US Southwest fared the worst "The study represents our best understanding of how long the trees need to recover after drought disturbances at a broad range" says Yongguang Zhang an ecosystems ecologist at the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences in Potsdam who was not involved with the work "Drought legacy effects will reduce our carbon storage in the future" Anderegg and his colleagues do not know what leads to the prolonged downturn in growth It could be that the hydraulic system plants use to pull water into leaves breaks down "It’s a big unknown in the field as to how much plants can repair their hydraulic systems" he notes Anderegg’s team also checked predictions made by computer programs that look at the big picture: climate warming caused by rising carbon dioxide levels The most sophisticated models factor in plant growth to calculate carbon storage potential but these models were inaccurate when it came to tree growth in the regions that Anderegg and his team studied "There’s a reasonably large disconnect between reality and the models" Anderegg says That’s a little worrisome says Milena Holmgren a plant ecologist at Wageningen University and Research Centre in the Netherlands who was not involved in the research "The paper shows that current climate-vegetation models are not able to reproduce the observed legacy effects and are therefore underestimating the effects of drought on vegetation and carbon cycling" A large population of nonfertile Megalomyrmex workers, whose function had been unclear.

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So to form new colonies, queens could not lay female eggs until after a son was ready to reproduce. Satire needs sharpness,Pandey). by Rimzim Dadu, Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed inaugurated Asia’s largest tulip garden in Srinagar city on April 6. who was present for the pub crawl stressed on the importance of taking safety measures beforehand. Café Delhi Heights and Raasta – while engaging in stimulating conversations around road safety. focusing telescopes located on every continent and even in orbit to a distant spot in the sky.” said Andy Howell.

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IBIA-H2 report estimates annual cost of match-fixing at $25m

first_img Topics: Social responsibility Sports betting Uncategorized Sports integrity Horse racing Online sports betting Retail sports betting Sports betting regulation Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter “The demand for those banned products invariably results in consumers migrating to offshore operators unhindered by such product restrictions and outside of that market’s regulatory oversight. This is counterproductive to the core regulatory and integrity policy aim.” Countries that have introduced strict reglations to conteract match-fixing include Sweden, where betting on rule violations like yellow cards is banned. There are also a number of restrictions on betting on lower-league events in Sweden. Tags: IBIA AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter A report by the International Betting Integrity Association (IBIA) has found that match fixing costs the betting industry approximately $25m (£18m/€21m) every year. The IBIA said that therefore “any restrictions on betting products enforced by regulators in the market where the potentially corrupted sporting event took place would therefore have been completely ineffective” for these events. “The regulatory authority would have no data on any of these potential integrity issues if regulated operators were unable to offer the markets and were unable to track any suspicious betting activity,” it added. The report – which can be read here – also said that many efforts to limit match fixing through national betting restrictions due to bets being placed outside of the jurisdiction where the corrupt event occurred. Between 2017-2020, 92% of basketball match fixing alerts came from bets placed abroad, while the figure for football was 84% during the same time frame. Of the 650,000 events (including 150,000 horse racing events) that operators offered betting opportunities on, 99.96% had no suspicious betting alerts – meaning only one in every 2700 events generated an alert. IBIA’s report also highlighted instances where the motivations for match fixing were sporting related, rather than solely making money. Citing an international study from Ghent University, 10% of players approached for match fixing did so purely for money, while 70% of cases were sporting related. The report also included a ranking of many of the most significant betting markets across the globe on factors such as regulation, taxes, product offering and marketing, with Great Britain and Malta at the top. Regions: Europe From 2017-2020 tennis generated the most match fixing alerts with 537, though the IBIA noted that this was due in part to the large number of tennis matches that took place, as only 0.2% of matches produced an alert. For basketball, every alert was on a primary market. Similarly for tennis, the vast majority of alerts were for match or set betting, rather than individual points which generated just 5%. “Without the ability for IBIA members to offer and monitor this market, this activity would likely have gone undetected and unpunished with bets placed with non-reporting operators,” the IBIA said. In addition, the report included a number of findings about the global betting market in general, including that the size of the market is set to reach $106bn by 2025 and that online betting shows no sign of relinquishing its majority of the global market, which is gained in 2020. 270 matches were flagged by IBIA in 2020 for suspicious activity. Europe turned out to generate most alerts, with 521 occasions being flagged in the three year period. 194 events were flagged in Asia, and 91 alerts were generated in Africa. The figure is based on data collected from operators, transaction history from customer bets on events that turned out to be corrupt, and analysis of tribunal and criminal sentences passed on corruption cases. Email Address 10th June 2021 | By Nosa Omoigui IBIA-H2 report estimates annual cost of match-fixing at $25m The report also went some way to dispelling the misconception that fraudulent betting primarily takes place online, noting that 1 in 5 (22%) of football alerts came from retail outlets from 2017-2020. In addition, it said that match-fixing is easier to detect online, making it appear that online betting is a larger risk when this may not be the case. Sports integrity Football was second with 207, while table tennis was next with 72. In football, the majority of these alerts, 91%, came on primary markets such as the match winner, rather than secondary markets like yellow cards or corner kicks. Card betting alerts occurred only once per 1,700 card betting markets offered, and the IBIA noted that even this was “skewed” by six alerts within one country’s top league in 2019, which have led to arrests.last_img

Stanbic IBTC Bank (IBTC.ng) HY2015 Interim Report

first_imgStanbic IBTC Bank (IBTC.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2015 interim results for the half year.For more information about Stanbic IBTC Bank (IBTC.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Stanbic IBTC Bank (IBTC.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Stanbic IBTC Bank (IBTC.ng)  2015 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileStanbic IBTC Plc is a financial services company in Nigeria offering banking products and services for the retail, corporate, investment and wealth management sectors. The Personal and Corporate Banking division provides a full-service offering ranging from transactional accounts to residential accommodation loans, vehicle and equipment finance and instalment finance. The Corporate and Investment Banking division offers products and services for foreign exchange, fixed income and equity trading as well as transactional banking, corporate and property lending and custodial and trade finance services. The Wealth Management division provides services for investment management, pension management, portfolio management, unit trust/fund management and trusteeship services. Stanbic IBTC Holdings Plc undertakes venture capital projects and private equity investments; acts as an executor and trustee of wills and trusts; and provides agency, insurance brokerage and stockbroking services. Founded in 1989, Stanbic IBTC Holdings Plc is a subsidiary of Stanbic Africa Holdings Limited. Its company head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. Stanbic IBTC Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchangelast_img

3 reasons I’d ditch buy-to-let property and buy cheap UK shares right now

first_img I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Don’t miss our special stock presentation.It contains details of a UK-listed company our Motley Fool UK analysts are extremely enthusiastic about.They think it’s offering an incredible opportunity to grow your wealth over the long term – at its current price – regardless of what happens in the wider market.That’s why they’re referring to it as the FTSE’s ‘double agent’.Because they believe it’s working both with the market… And against it.To find out why we think you should add it to your portfolio today… There’s a ‘double agent’ hiding in the FTSE… we recommend you buy it! Image source: Getty Images Buy-to-let property used to be a surefire way to build a sizeable financial nest egg. Unfortunately, tax and regulatory changes over the past few years means this is no longer the case. As a result, I think buying a basket of cheap UK shares could produce better returns in the long run. Today, I’m going to highlight the three reasons why I believe this is the case. 5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Buy-to-let returnsThere are two ways investors can profit from buy-to-let property. Rental income and capital gains. Many investors rely on rental income to cover mortgage payments and costs, such as decorating and emergency repairs. The income covers the day-to-day expenses, and the real profit comes from capital gains. However, over the past few years, rental yields have dropped significantly. The average rental yield in the UK is now around 3.5%, although it’s possible to achieve higher returns. At the same time, the lucrative tax breaks to that used to be available have been eliminated. All of these factors have squeezed the amount of income buy-to-let investors received. According to one study, after stripping out all costs and mortgage charges, the average buy-to-let investor receives an income of just £2,140 a year on a property worth £183,278. That’s a return of only 1.2%, excluding capital growth.Over the long term, UK home prices have increased at a rate of around 2-3%. That suggests a buy-to-let investor can look forward to a return around 3.2-4.2% every year. By comparison, over the past 100 years, UK stocks have produced an average annual return of around 7%. That’s one of the reasons why I reckon a basket of cheap UK shares could be a better investment in the long run. Buying cheap UK sharesI think the best investments to buy instead of rental property are high-quality blue-chip stocks. Some examples include healthcare giant GlaxoSmithKline and tobacco giant British American Tobacco.Both of these businesses have unique competitive advantages and economies of scale. They also currently offer significantly higher dividend yields than the average rental return on property.Glaxo supports a dividend yield of around 5% right now. Meanwhile, British American yields around 8%. Owning these equities in a Stocks and Shares ISA could also produce significant tax benefits. It’s impossible to own rental property in one of these tax-efficient wrappers. If you are not interested in picking individual equities, owning a tracker fund could be another alternative. For example, the FTSE 250 has produced an average annual return of around 12% over the past three-and-a-half decades.To replicate this return, all you would need to do is buy a low-cost FTSE 250 tracker fund. There would be no extra costs or charges, and you can buy the fund inside an ISA. The bottom lineSo those are the three reasons why I’d ditch buy-to-let property and buy cheap UK shares instead. Stocks have the potential to produce higher returns, can be owned inside a tax-efficient ISA, and are generally easier to manage. By comparison, rental property can be expensive to manage, tax-inefficient, and returns have collapsed over the past few years.  Rupert Hargreaves | Saturday, 10th October, 2020 Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Enter Your Email Addresscenter_img Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. See all posts by Rupert Hargreaves Rupert Hargreaves owns shares in British American Tobacco. The Motley Fool UK has recommended GlaxoSmithKline. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. 3 reasons I’d ditch buy-to-let property and buy cheap UK shares right now Click here to get access to our presentation, and learn how to get the name of this ‘double agent’!last_img

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